The Life Of Hz. Mevlana

The real name of Mevlana is Muhammed Celaleddin. Mevlana name and Rumi name are given later. The name Mevlana, which means our master, was given to him when he was younger, when he started lecturing in Konya. This name was used by those who loved Mevlana as of Sultan Veled Şemseddin-i Tebrizi and , and became a symbol instead of his name. Rumi means Anatolia. The fact that Mevlana is known as Rumi is that he lived in Konya, the province of the Anatolian country called Diyar-ı Rum in the past centuries, for a long time, his life was spent there and his tomb was also there.

The birthplace of Mevlana is the former major Turkish Cultural Center Belh, located in Afghanistan today. The date of birth of Mevlana is September 30, 1207 (6 Rebiu'l-Evvel, 604).

The mother of Mevlana, whose ancestry based a noble family, is Mümine Hatun, the daughter of Rükneddin, Emir of Belh. Mevlana's grandmother is the Turkish princess from the dynasty of the kharzem shah state (1157 East Turkish Khanate), Melike-i Cihan Emetullah Sultan. Mevlana's Father is Muhammed Bahaeddin Veled, known for the title of Sultanü'l-Ulema (Sultan of Scholars). Mevlana's grandfather is Hüseyin Hatibi, son of Ahmet Hatibi. According to Eflaki, Hüseyin Hatibi was a vast and wide scholar of science. A person like Nishaburian Raziyüddin, who was the master of the science of religion and one of the great scholars and sang beautiful poems, was among his students. It is stated in the sources that the mother of the descendant of Sultan-Ulema Bahaeddin Veled reached Hz Huseyin, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) in the fourteenth generation. Sources state that Mevlana's ancestry from his father reached Hazret-i Ebu Bekir Sıddık, the first of four elected friends of Hz Muhammed (Pbuh) in the tenth generation.

Mevlana's father, Bahaeddin Veled, was born in 1150 in Belh. Bahaeddin was raised with the spiritual knowledge of his father and grandfather. He also took lessons from Necmeddin-i Kübra (? - 1221). Bahaeddin Veled was a mature sultan, unequaled in all sciences. Bahaeddin Veled, like an immense sea consisting of divine truths and Divine sciences, answered the most difficult questions of the Khorasan Realm. He was the only scholar on this subject. And he wouldn't take anything from the foundation. He would make a living from the state treasury with the salary allocated to him. According to the narration of the sources, the scholars of his time, with the spiritual sign of the Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh), gave the title of Sultanü'l- Ulema (Sultan of scholars) to Bahaeddin Veled. After that, Bahaeddin Veled was named with this title. The giving of this title can also be explained by the custom of the Turks. Turks would not be willing to forget about people with high skills and virtues without being recognized. In order to express them in the sight of the people, to direct the people to knowledge, they were given titles that they deserved. This tradition is a brilliant piece of evidence showing Turks' respect for knowledge and virtue. As a matter of tradition, they were obliged to use these titles above signatures, and they considered these titles a spiritual rank for them. They would never be proud of it. Bahaeddin Veled, dressed as scholars, would teach the public lessons after the morning prayer. He would chat to his friends after the noon prayer. He also preached to the public on Mondays. During the Bahaeeddin Veled sermon, he generally rejected the views of those who adopted the ideas of Greek philosophers and would say: "How can those who forget the heavenly (divine from Allah) books and respect the faint words of philosophers get rid of?” Meanwhile, he would speak to Fahreddin-i Razi, who taught and defended Greek philosophy, and Kharzem shah, who obbeyed him. He considered them as Ahl-i Bid-at (those which are not in the time of the prophet, and who generate new traditions against religion) and said: "Even better than the walk of Muhammad Mustafa (Pbuh), I have not seen a better path than his path."

Fahreddin-i Razi, who does not actually like Sufism and cannot tolerate their respect for Kharezm Shah, was also very angry that Bahaeddin Veled was openly against himself, and he squandered him to Kharezm Shah. The heart of Bahaeddin Veled was hurt from Kharzem Shah and left Belh. However, the researchers show the Mongol invasion by causing Bahaeddin Veled to emigrate from Belh. Sultanü'l-Ulema intended to go to Hajj after leaving the city of Belh with his family members and friends between 1212-1213. He stopped by Nishabur. When he approached Baghdad with his caravan of immigration, Sultanü'l-Ulema Sheikh Bahaeddin Veled gave the following meaningful answer to the guards who asked him which tribe they were from and where they came from and where: “We came from Allah, we travel to Allah. There is no power in anyone other than Allah.” When this word reached Sheikh Şehabettin-i Sühreverdi (1145-1235): He said: "Nobody else can say this saying than Belhian Bahaeddin Veled." And Sühreverdi ran to meet Bahaeddin Veled with sincerity and affection. When they met each other, Sheikh Sühreverdi got off his mule and graciously kissed Bahaeddin Veled's knee and offered his heartfelt respect. Bahaeddin Veled remained in Baghdad for no more than three days and moved to the Kaaba from the way of Kufa. After fulfilling his pilgrimage, he came to Damascus on his return. Although Bahaeddin Veled was his dear son, Mevlana, he traveled from Damascus to Malatya, from there to Erzincan, from there to Karaman. After staying in Karaman for a while, they finally chose Konya and settled there.

Sheikh Attar (His Holiness): Bahaeddin Veled, who set off for Baghdad after leaving Belh, talks with Sheikh Feridüddin-i Attar (1119-1221; 1230), who comes to visit when he arrives in Nishabur. During the conversation, Sheikh Attar sees the light on Mevlana's forehead and presents him the work named Esrar-name and says to his father: “It won't be too long, your son will burn the hearts of the universe."
Sheikh-i Akbar (His Holiness): Sultanü'l-Ulema stopped by Damascus upon return after performing Hajj duty. There he met with Shaykh Ekber Muhyiddin Ibnu-Arabi (1165-1240). Şeyh-i Ekber looked at Mevlana, who walked behind Sultanü'l-Ulema, said: "Subhanallah! An ocean goes behind a sea.”

In 1225, when they were in Karaman, Mevlana got married of Gevher Banu with the well-behaved, beautiful face the daughter of Hodja Şerafeddin Lala, who is a noble person, respected by the order of his father. When Mevlana married, he was eighteen years old. The Comment of Hz Mevlana about their settlements in Konya is as follows: “Allah has great dignity about the Anatolian people, and with the prayer of Sıddık-i Ekber, these people are the most merciful of the whole nation. The best country is the Anatolian country; but the people of this country are unaware of the love and deep pleasure of love of God. Allah, the true creator of all things, has been a nice blessing, creating a reason, he brought us from the country of Khorasan to the Anatolian province. He gave our successors a place to be placed in this clean soil. Let's scatter our Ledunni (belonging to Allah knowledge and secrets) elixir (Which transforms to gold) to their bodies like copper. So they can be the companion of the chemistry world (mature person who, spiritually glorifying by his looking ), and the realm of the lore.

Sultanü'l-Ulema Sheikh Bahaeddin Veled His Holiness
Bahaeddîn Veled is the first master of Mevlana, whom we tried to state in his previous subjects. In other words, he is the cult sheikh who teaches Mevlana the way of Allah and shows the truths and secrets in accordance with Sufism. Bahaeddîn Veled, who has a high reputation and fame in the entire Islamic world, is in close respect and receives endless respect from the Sultan of Seljuks, Alâeddîn Keykubat (Reign time 1219-1236). On 3 May 1228, Alaeddin Keykubat who was a very sincere devout organized a great meeting in honor of Bahaeddîn Veled in his palace, shortly after their arrival to the Seljuk's capital city Konya And, together with all the important people, he came under his spiritual discipline. Sultan Alâeddîn, who was deeply devoted to Sultaü'l-Ulema, expressed his admiration to him as follows: "My heart is shaking from his majesty, I'm afraid to look at his face. As I see this person, my reality and religion increase. While this world is afraid and trembling of me, I'm afraid of this man, My God, what kind of a situation is it? I firmly believed that he is a rare and unmatched friend of Allah in the world." Bahaeddîn Veled, the unique God-friendly and the sultan of the heart, who ruled the world sultan, migrated to the eternal realm on Friday, February 24, 1231, in the morning. He left a piece full of information with a good son like Mohammed Celaleddin. Sultânü'l-Ulema explained only his feelings and thoughts and did not pursue fame. He raised those around him and always enlightened them.

Sayyid Burhaneddin (His holiness)
In the death of Bahaeddîn Veled, Mevlânâ was twenty-four years old. He passed to his father's authority because of his father's Bequest, and because of his friends and the pleading of all the people. Mevlânâ remained without a master for a year after his father until he found Seyid Burhaneddin. In 1232, his father's precious caliph, Seyyid Burhneddin-i Muhakkık-ı Tirmîzi, came to Konya. Mevlânâ came under his spiritual manners. Seyyid Burhaneddin was a very high-grade master. His work called Maarif is proof of his wisdom. He was called Sayyid Sır (Sultan of Secrets) , because he knows the secrets that are always in the hearts. Seyyid Burhaneddin said to Mevlânâ, whom he carried around his shoulders like a caregiver in his childhood: "You have no equal in knowledge, you are elite. But your father had the spiritual authority, so search for it, pass through the words and be a master of heart. You have wrapped his words very well, but get drunk with his spirituality like me. So you will be the heir to him. Be like the sun in shedding light on the world. You are apparently a heir to your father, but I am your father's spiritual heir. Look at this friend, and follow me" When Mevlana heard these words from his father's caliph, he surrendered sincerely to his discipline. Mevlânâ sincerely, put Seyyid Burhaneddin in his father's place, and knowing a true master (Murshid), he served him for nine years. During this time, with the guidance of that master, he struggled with himself (trying hard to defeat the nafs), and became a mature person with the help and chat of his master he has been transformed like a nur (light). He got rid of himself, became the sultan of spirit. As a matter of fact, the following two couplets in Mesnevi are the expression that he reached the rank of mature person: "Burn and be safe from deterioration / Walk, be light like Burhan-ı Muhakkık / When you get rid of yourself / You will be completely Burhan / If you become a servant, you become a sultan."

Aleppo and Damascus visits
Mevlânâ went to Haleb with the permission of Seyyid Burhaneddin to deepen more in high sciences. He took lessons from Kemal's son, Adim, who was a superior scholar in fiqh, tafsir and procedural sciences in Halaviyye Madrasa. Mevlânâ went to Damascus after finishing his education in Aleppo. Here he stayed four years to conduct scientific studies. During this time, he met with scholars in Damascus and negotiated with them.

According to Eflâki, Mevlânâ met with Şemseddîn-i Tebrîzi in Damascus. However, this meeting was for a short time and it was as follows. One day, Şemseddîn-i Tebrîzi grabbed the hand of Mevlana and kissed his hand and said to him: "Understand me, the world's gold exchanger" then he disappears. Eight years after this chat or an instant meeting, Shams will come to Konya and chat deeply with Mevlânâ.

Mevlânâ, who returned to Konya after seven years of Aleppo and Damascus travel, entered the period of forty days of worship three times after each other, with the wish of his master. In other words, he purified his soul three times for forty days (one hundred and twenty days) by less-eating, less-drinking, less-sleeping, and spending all of his time in worship. At the end of the third spirit purification period, Seyyid Burhaneddin hugged and kissed Mevlânâ. He appreciated him and said: "You have become an unprecedented person in all sciences and a honored by prophets and masters... Say Bismillah (in the name of Allah) and walk (advance), fill the people's soul with a fresh life and immeasurable mercy. Revive the dead of this world with your own spirit and love." Thus, Sayyid Burhaneddin commissioned Mevlana with the guidance. Seyyid Burhaneddin then took permission from Mevlana and went to Kayseri and migrated there to the eternal realm (1241-1242). His tomb is in Kayseri. Mevlânâ, after Seyyid Burhaneddin's departure from Konya, moved to the authority of guidance (showing Allah's Way) and teaching. Following his father's and grandfather's procedures, he successfully accomplished this task for five years. According to sources, he had four hundred students and more than ten thousand disciples who collected religious sciences.

Mevlânâ and Şems, these two abilities, these two lights, these two souls, they finally met. At this date, Shams was sixty, Mevlana, thirty-eight years old. These two divine lovers, for a while, just wandered somewhere, worshiped allah completely and chatted with the divine inspiration that came to their hearts. Sultan Veled says: "Suddenly, Shams came and reached him, he explained and taught him the state of being loved (beloved). Thus, his spirit reached the highest authorities. Shams called Mevlana to an amazing realm,such a realm that neither Turkish saw nor the Arab."

When Mevlânâ met Shams in Konya, he was a fully mature personality. Shams became a mirror for Mevlana. Mevlânâ fell in love with his own beauty that Shams showed in his mirror. In other words, Mevlânâ formed the love of Allah in his heart of Shams. Mevlânâ's love for Shams is a measure of his love for God. Because Mevlânâ saw the bright manifestations of Allah's in Shams. Mevlânâ was a rose about to open. Shams became a zephyr (a wind) for him. Mevlana was a wine of love, Shams became a glass of him. Mevlânâ was already a great person, Shams brought a progress in him and a change of spiritual state. There is much to be written on Shams and Mevlana. As a last word, we should say: Shams fired Mevlana, but such a volcano caught fire in his flames, and he burned himself in these flames.

Mevlana, who met with Shams, now devotes his time to the conversation of Shams. He was buried in the lights of Shams, he entered a completely different realm. Under the influence of Shams, he was making Sema with divine love (whirling around). The people, who did not understand the sacred secret in the conversations of these two divine friends, began to talk about Mevlana and Shams. Eventually, Shams' heart was hurt and, despite Mevlânâ's pleading, he went from Konya to Damascus (Thursday, March 14, 1246).

Mevlânâ, who fell into a deep agony when Şems left, sent a nice letter he wrote as a poem to Damascus and Shams with a caravan led by Sultan Veled. Sultan Veled arrived in Damascus with his caravan, found Shams and presented his father's invitation letter to Shams with respect, along with the gifts. Shams said "The desire of the well-mannered and moral Mevlana is sufficient. How can we get out of his word and sign." And Shams accepted the invitation of Mevlana and returned to Konya in 1247, with the caravan of Sultan Veled.

Everyone was glad that Shams came back to Konya. Mevlana also got rid of the troubles of longing. Banquets were given to Şems's honor and Sema assemblies were organized. But the days with peace, love and friendship did not last for many times, rumors and annoying situations started again. Shams realized that that unfortunate gossip community was again filled with grudge, that love fell from their hearts, that their minds were captive to the devil, and that they were trying to eliminate him. He said to Sultan Veled: "You see, they are united again in the rage. They want to separate me from the presence of Mevlânâ, who is unique in showing the right way and wisdom, and then rejoice. This time I'm going to go so nobody will know where I am. Everyone will be tired of searching, nobody will even find a trace of me. Thus, many years will pass and nobody will even see me." Shams, who complained to Sultan Veled in such a way, suddenly disappeared from Konya in 1247-1248.After Shams disappeared, Mevlana asked everyone where he was. Whoever said something about him was essential, and saw Shams on the ground, he was grateful for this good news by giving his turban and cardigan. One day a man reported that he saw Shams in Damascus. Mevlânâ was delighted with this in an indescribable manner and gave this man whatsoever he has. When one of his friends said that this man's news is a lie, he did not see Şems, Mevlânâ gave the following answer."Yes, I gave whatever I had on this false news he gave. If he gave the correct news, I would have given my life."

Mevlana searched Shams a lot. With his separation, he sang many poems that burned and blew hearts. He went to Damascus twice to search him. He couldn't find Shams again. Although the dates of these last two trips are not known precisely, it is likely to be said to be between 1248-1250. In the words of Sultan Veled, Mevlânâ could not find Shams (Şems) with in terms of his face and body in Damascus, but he found him in terms of spirit. He saw Shams, which appeared in his own existence like the moon, in his own heart and said: "I am separate from him in terms of body, but we are both light without a body and life. Hey seeker! Whether you see him or me. I am him and He is me."

Eflakki says in the part where he describes the completion of Mesnevi: "Mevlânâ continued to sing Mesnevi in Sema, sitting in the bath, standing, in calm and in motion with excitement, the sultan of the noble people, Çelebi Hüsameddin. Sometimes it would be that, starting from the evening until the day went dark, they would say the couplets and print them. Çelebi Hüsameddin wrote this fast and after reading it, he read all of them aloud to Mevlana. When the volume was completed, Çelebi Hüsameddin would review the couplets and make the necessary corrections and read them again." Mesnevi, which was started to be written carefully between 1259-1261 in this way, was completed between 1264-1268.

Mevlânâ had good days with Çelebi Hüsameddin for fifteen years. During this time, he lived in peace and tranquility away from the mischief and offense of some ignorant people. His friends were eager to see her face. Mevlânâ understood that he was living his last moments. Mevlana understood that he would reach the eternal realm he missed. Suddenly he fell ill. When the news of Mevlana spread the disease in Konya, people ran to visit him to wish healing. People were coming to take his prayer. Sheikh Sadreddin (? - 1274) came to Mevlana with his students for his illness and declared that he was very upset and said: "May Allah give healing soon. The disease causes your degree to increase in the hereafter. You are the lover of the realm, I hope you will have full health soon." Then Mevlânâ said: "May Allah heal you from now on. Don't you want lovers to meet and the light to reach the light (nur)? " Sheikh Sadreddin left with his friends and students. Mevlânâ was telling his friends and family members not to feel sorry to leave this world, but they could not accept this separation, they were crying and moaning. Mevlânâ's wife said: "Hey the light of the world, hey dear! Where will you leave us and go? " Mevlana's wife was crying and adding: "In order for Mevlana to fill the world with truth and beauty, he had to have three hundred or four hundred years of life." Mevlânâ in response said: "Why? Why? We are neither Pharaoh nor Nemrud, what do we do with the earth realm, How can peace and happiness be made in this land of earth? I stayed in this prison so that it would benefit people. this world is not different from prison? Whose property did I steal? It is hoped that soon we will return to the beloved friend of Allah, the Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh). "

I bequeath you, secretly and openly, to fear God, to eat less, to sleep less, to talk less, to avoid sins, to continue fasting and to pray. I will always wish you to avoid lust, to stand to the torment and affliction of the people, to stay away from bad people, to be with the righteous people who have the charity. Auspicious of people, beneficial to people. Auspicious of the word is also a little and essential. Praise belongs to Allah, who is the only one. Greetings to the people of Tawhid." Scholarship and the sun of love Mevlânâ, migrated to the eternal realm with all its brilliance by smiling on 5 Cemaziye'l-ahir, 672 (17 December 1273) On Sunday, in a sunset time. Mevlevi people called that night Şeb-i Arus (Wedding Night).

All Muslims, non-Muslims, youth and older people, as much as people from Konya participated in the funeral ceremony of Mevlânâ. Muslims, trying to fire non-Muslims with sticks and swords, said: "What does this ceremony have to do with you? They also gave the following answer. "We understood and learned the truth of Moses and all the prophets from his words. We saw the nature and actions of the mature prophets we read in our own books. Just as you are his lover and disciple, we love him. Mevlânâ is like a sun of truths that shine on people and are in goodness and generosity to them. The world loves the sun. All houses are illuminated by his light. Mevlânâ is like bread. Everyone needs bread. Have you seen any hungry fleeing from bread?" Upon Mevlana's will, Sheikh Sadreddin could not stand and fainted when he intended to perform the funeral prayer of Mevlana. Upon this, Kadı Siraceddin performed the prayer.

The tomb, called the Green Dome, was built in the time of Çelebi Hüsameddin with the help of Sultan Veled and Alameddin Kayser and the wife of Emir Pervane (daughter of Sultan Gıyaseddin Keyhüsrev II). The architect of the tomb is Bedreddin from Tabriz. An artist named Selimoğlu Abdülvahid built a large walnut coffin, which was accepted as a masterpiece of Seljuk carving, on the tomb of Mevlana. This coffer is on the grave of Sultan-Ulema Bahaeddîn Veled today.

When my coffin start to walk on my death day, don’t think that I have the sadness of this world, and I am leaving the world. Don't be skeptical of this kind, don't cry on me, don't say what a pity. If I fall into the trap of the devil, then it is the time to be dazed. When you see my funeral, do not say separation. Then it is my time to meet. When you put me down in the grave, don't say goodbye; because the tomb is the curtain of the community of heavens. You saw the sunset, watch the rising. What is going to waste before sunset and moon? It appears to sunset to you, but it is to be born. The grave looks like jail, but it is the salvation of life. What seed was sown in the ground and did not bear fruit? Why do you doubt the human seed? Which bucket was sent to the well and did not come full of water? Why should Yusuf (Prophet) cry out in the well?When you closed your mouth in this world, open it in the other world. Because your efforts are in the heavens of the skies."

Mevlâna and Sheikh Selahaddin met and chatted to each other for almost a decade as friends. They felt happy in the real world, without feeling the pain of separation. Finally, Sheikh Selahaddin got sick and migrated in the eternal realm (1259).